Citation for Abarquh

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Abarquh." In The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture. Ed. Jonathan M. Bloom, Sheila S. Blair. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jan 27, 2022. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t276/e1>.

Chicago

"Abarquh." In The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture. , edited by Jonathan M. Bloom, Sheila S. Blair. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t276/e1 (accessed Jan 27, 2022).

Abarquh

Iranian town in northern Fars province. A prosperous center in medieval times, by the 10th century it was fortified with a citadel and had a congregational mosque. The octagonal tower of mortared stone known as the Gunbad-i ῾Ali was erected, according to its inscription, by a Daylamite prince in 1056–7 to contain the remains of his parents (see Tomb, fig. 2). The Masjid-i Birun, a mosque to the south of the town, may be slightly earlier, although it has many later additions. The congregational mosque (rest.), with four iwans around a rectangular court, dates mostly to the 14th century, although the base of the dome chamber probably belongs to the 12th-century mosque. The many mihrabs within the mosque include a particularly fine stucco example (1338). There are also several mud-brick tombs in the town. These square structures have plain exteriors and plastered and painted interiors. One of the earliest is the tomb of Pir Hamza Sabzpush (12th century); the finest was that of Hasan ibn Kay Khusraw 1318; destr.). In the 18th century, the town suffered first in the Afghan invasion and then in the fighting between the Zands and Qajars.

Bibliography

  • Enc. Iran.; Enc. Islam/2: “Abarḳūh”
  • A. Godard: “Abarḳūh (Province de Yazd),” Āthār-ē Īrān, i (1936), pp. 47–72
  • D. N. Wilber: The Architecture of Islamic Iran: The Il Khānid Period (Princeton, 1955)
  • I. Afshar: Yādgārhā-yi Yazd [Monuments of Yazd], 3 vols. (Tehran, Iran. Solar 1348–54/1970–76)
  • S. S. Blair: The Monumental Inscriptions of Early Islamic Iran and Transoxiana (Leiden, 1992)

© Oxford University Press 2007-2008. All Rights Reserved