Citation for Abarquh

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"Abarquh." In The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture. Ed. Jonathan M. Bloom, Sheila S. Blair. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jan 27, 2022. <>.


"Abarquh." In The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture. , edited by Jonathan M. Bloom, Sheila S. Blair. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, (accessed Jan 27, 2022).


Iranian town in northern Fars province. A prosperous center in medieval times, by the 10th century it was fortified with a citadel and had a congregational mosque. The octagonal tower of mortared stone known as the Gunbad-i ῾Ali was erected, according to its inscription, by a Daylamite prince in 1056–7 to contain the remains of his parents (see Tomb, fig. 2). The Masjid-i Birun, a mosque to the south of the town, may be slightly earlier, although it has many later additions. The congregational mosque (rest.), with four iwans around a rectangular court, dates mostly to the 14th century, although the base of the dome chamber probably belongs to the 12th-century mosque. The many mihrabs within the mosque include a particularly fine stucco example (1338). There are also several mud-brick tombs in the town. These square structures have plain exteriors and plastered and painted interiors. One of the earliest is the tomb of Pir Hamza Sabzpush (12th century); the finest was that of Hasan ibn Kay Khusraw 1318; destr.). In the 18th century, the town suffered first in the Afghan invasion and then in the fighting between the Zands and Qajars.


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  • I. Afshar: Yādgārhā-yi Yazd [Monuments of Yazd], 3 vols. (Tehran, Iran. Solar 1348–54/1970–76)
  • S. S. Blair: The Monumental Inscriptions of Early Islamic Iran and Transoxiana (Leiden, 1992)

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