Citation for Hanafi, Hasan

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Hanafi, Hasan." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jun 18, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e797>.

Chicago

"Hanafi, Hasan." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e797 (accessed Jun 18, 2019).

Hanafi, Hasan

(b. 1935 )

Egyptian reformist thinker, writer, and professor of philosophy. Believes in fusion of ideals with a revitalized, reinterpreted Islam in order to form an “Islamic left” and bring about unity in Egypt, social and economic justice for the downtrodden, a democratic state free from Western domination and Zionist influence, the unification of the Arab world, and the restoration of Islam to a central position in world culture. Argues that human beings and history are at the center of Islamic religious consciousness, so it is appropriate to integrate the needs of modern Muslims into Islamic theology to create a revolutionary liberation theology that will enable Muslims to face modern challenges and fight poverty, underdevelopment, coercion, westernization, and alienation.

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