Citation for Hanafi, Hasan

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"Hanafi, Hasan." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Apr 13, 2021. <>.


"Hanafi, Hasan." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, (accessed Apr 13, 2021).

Hanafi, Hasan

(b. 1935 )

Egyptian reformist thinker, writer, and professor of philosophy. Believes in fusion of ideals with a revitalized, reinterpreted Islam in order to form an “Islamic left” and bring about unity in Egypt, social and economic justice for the downtrodden, a democratic state free from Western domination and Zionist influence, the unification of the Arab world, and the restoration of Islam to a central position in world culture. Argues that human beings and history are at the center of Islamic religious consciousness, so it is appropriate to integrate the needs of modern Muslims into Islamic theology to create a revolutionary liberation theology that will enable Muslims to face modern challenges and fight poverty, underdevelopment, coercion, westernization, and alienation.

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