Citation for Granada

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Granada." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jan 27, 2022. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e736>.

Chicago

"Granada." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e736 (accessed Jan 27, 2022).

Granada

Last Muslim stronghold in western Europe and last remnant of al-Andalus (Muslim Spain). Ruled by Nasrid dynasty, 1230 – 1492 . Center of export trade in ceramics, silks, weapons, and porcelain. Home of Alhambra Palace, one of the greatest achievements of Islamic urban art. Fell to Spain's Christian rulers, Isabella and Ferdinand , in 1492 , marking the end of Muslim rule in western Europe and the end of the Muslim population in Spain (Christian pressure on the Muslim population in Spain led to mass Muslim emigration to North Africa). Remains a powerful symbol in the collective Muslim memory of Western aggression.

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