Citation for Ahl al-Hall wa'l-Aqd

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Ahl al-Hall wa'l-Aqd." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Nov 19, 2018. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e73>.

Chicago

"Ahl al-Hall wa'l-Aqd." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e73 (accessed Nov 19, 2018).

Ahl al-Hall wa'l-Aqd

Those qualified to elect or depose a caliph on behalf of the Muslim community. In medieval political theory, the term refers to legal scholars whose task it was to offer the caliphate to the most qualified person. Because, in practice, most rulers designated their successors, the task was generally a mere formality. Some modern thinkers have tried to accommodate this task to that of a parliament.

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