Citation for Fundamentalism

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Fundamentalism." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jul 22, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e680>.

Chicago

"Fundamentalism." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e680 (accessed Jul 22, 2019).

Fundamentalism

Term used to refer to early-twentieth-century American Christian Protestant movement based on affirmation of faith that defines belief in an absolutist and literalist manner. Involves an effort to purify or reform adherents' beliefs and practices in accord with self-defined fundamentals of faith, and a self-conscious effort to avoid compromise, adaptation, or critical reinterpretation of basic texts and sources of belief. In the Islamic context, the term typically refers to revivalist movements. Modern Islamic fundamentalist movements reject copying of Western methods, affirming instead the comprehensive and effective nature of the Islamic message. Some scholars believe that Islamic fundamentalism is a distinctively modern phenomenon, while others argue that activist movements advocating a return to pristine fundamentals of faith are evident throughout Islamic history.

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