Citation for Afsharid Dynasty

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Afsharid Dynasty." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jan 27, 2022. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e60>.

Chicago

"Afsharid Dynasty." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e60 (accessed Jan 27, 2022).

Afsharid Dynasty

Of Turkic origin, the Afsharids ruled Iran 1736 – 96 ; at its zenith, the dynasty stretched from Iraq to northern India. Founder Nadir Shah Afshar (r. 1736 – 47 ), backed by an army of mostly Sunni Afghans, routed the armies of the Shii Safavid dynasty. Nominally Shii, Nadir Shah forced compromises between Shii and Sunni religious leaders in order to legitimize his claims to Mughal India and Ottoman Iraq. The Shii ulama agreed to renounce explicitly anti-Sunni practices, and the Sunni ulama agreed to acknowledge certain precepts of Shii law. Nadir Shah's religious and political attempts to eradicate Shii Safavid tradition ultimately failed.

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