Citation for Abd al-Qadir

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MLA

" Abd al-Qadir ." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jun 26, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e6>.

Chicago

" Abd al-Qadir ." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e6 (accessed Jun 26, 2019).

Abd al-Qadir

(d. 1883 )

Algerian independence leader, Sufi mystic, and poet. Born in Algeria to a notable Moroccan family. Became involved in the Algerian independence movement after the French occupation of Algiers ( 1830 ). In 1834 assumed the title amir al-muminin (commander of the faithful). Surrendered in the wake of successive French military victories ( 1847 ). Originally a Qadiri Sufi, but joined the Naqshbandis in Damascus, where he lived in self-exile after his surrender. Known works include Kitab al-mawaqif (Book of stages), a commentary on the doctrines of Ibn al-Arabi , and a collection of mystical poems.

See also Salafi

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