Citation for Urf

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"Urf." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Sep 21, 2020. <>.


"Urf." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, (accessed Sep 21, 2020).


Custom. In the central Islamic countries, it is the common name for unwritten customary law, in contrast to written Islamic law codes or other legal canons. Adat is a synonym used in other parts of the Islamic world, especially Indonesia. Urf often refers to three different types of legal categories: the way common people maintain order, engage in social interactions, or conduct business locally, for example, in the marketplace or in wedding ceremonies; the legal decisions made by a ruler and his representatives; and the practices of local courts. According to the Malikis and some Hanafis such as Ibn Abidin, urf is considered to be a source of law.

See also Adat

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