Citation for Talim

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"Talim." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jan 21, 2020. <>.


"Talim." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, (accessed Jan 21, 2020).


(1) Instruction in Quran and hadith and sometimes Islamic law, typically provided in the mosque. Students form a circle around the instructor of their choice. Upon completion of study, the student is awarded a certificate, or ijazah, certifying the successful study of certain texts with a particular teacher, enabling the student to teach these same texts. Remains an important part of education in the Islamic world. Sometimes added as a supplement to the required curriculum. Muslims living in non-Muslim-majority countries often desire to continue this type of education for their children and are working to establish local institutions to offer instruction. Also used for informal lessons in the mosque on Thursday evenings or after communal prayer. (2) In Nizari Ismaili Shiism, divinely inspired teaching through the imam.

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