Citation for Takfir

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Takfir." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jan 16, 2021. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e2319>.

Chicago

"Takfir." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e2319 (accessed Jan 16, 2021).

Takfir

Pronouncement that someone is an unbeliever (kafir) and no longer Muslim. Takfir is used in the modern era for sanctioning violence against leaders of Islamic states who are deemed insufficiently religious. It has become a central ideology of militant groups such as those in Egypt, which reflect the ideas of Sayyid Qutb , Mawdudi , Ibn Taymiyyah , and Ibn Kathir . Mainstream Muslims and Islamist groups reject the concept as a doctrinal deviation. Leaders such as Hasan al-Hudaybi (d. 1977 ) and Yusuf al-Qaradawi reject takfir as un-Islamic and marked by bigotry and zealotry.

© Oxford University Press 2007-2008. All Rights Reserved