Citation for Shughni-Rushani

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Shughni-Rushani." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Aug 24, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e2198>.

Chicago

"Shughni-Rushani." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e2198 (accessed Aug 24, 2019).

Shughni-Rushani

Language group within the family of Pamir languages, which belong to the Modern Eastern Iranian languages. Languages of the Shughni-Rushani group are spoken in the Central Asian republic of Tajikistan, particularly in the autonomous region of Badakhshan; in the Afghan province of Badakhshan; and in Xinjiang in China. The Shughni-Rushani language group consists of five languages: Shughni, with the Bajuv and Shahdara dialects; Rushani, with the Xuf dialect; Bartangi; Roshorvi; and Sariqoli, which is spoken in China. Shughni is the most important language in the Shughni-Rushani group, being the language of the capital of Tajik Badakshan, Khorog, and a lingua franca within Badakhshan. None of the languages of the Shughni-Rushani group has achieved the status of a written language, although recently attempts have been made to design a suitable script for Shughni; Tajik or Persian is generally used for writing. The majority of the speakers of Shughni-Rushani are Ismailis, for whom Persian is also important as a language of religion. There are no recent reliable data regarding the number of speakers of Shughni-Rushani: a very rough estimate is around three hundred thousand people. Descriptions of these languages and most of the dialects are available in Russian.

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