Citation for Shirazi, Sayyid Ali Muhammad

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Shirazi, Sayyid Ali Muhammad." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Apr 13, 2021. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e2194>.

Chicago

"Shirazi, Sayyid Ali Muhammad." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e2194 (accessed Apr 13, 2021).

Shirazi, Sayyid Ali Muhammad

(d. 1850 )

Also known as Bab . Messianic religious leader. First individual in Islamic history to make a serious attempt to break away from Islam in order to found a separate religion with distinct books and laws. Initially claimed to be the gate (bab) or spokesperson for the Hidden Imam of Imami Shiism and an interpreter of the Quran; later he claimed to be the imam in person, and then a divine manifestation. Most of his prophetic career was spent under house arrest or in prison in northwest Iran. Shirazi was shot by a firing squad in 1850 . His followers declared a formal break with Islam in 1848 , and the movement became known as Babism. Bahais consider Shirazi a forerunner of the founder of their faith, Baha Allah .

See also Babism; Bahais

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