Citation for Saud, Muhammad ibn al-

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Saud, Muhammad ibn al-." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Sep 19, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e2113>.

Chicago

"Saud, Muhammad ibn al-." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e2113 (accessed Sep 19, 2019).

Saud, Muhammad ibn al-

(r. 1746 – 65 )

Founder of the first Saudi dynasty in Arabia. Formed a politico-religious pact with Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab in 1744 to found the country based on purification of Islamic practices from popular religion and an emphasis on strict monotheism. Ibn al-Saud was responsible for political and economic affairs; Ibn Abd al-Wahhab provided religious guidance. Used a combination of religious ideology and lineage to unite disparate tribes in the first political expression of eighteenth-century Islamic reform. The Saud family has maintained its role of political and military leadership in the modern-day kingdom of Saudi Arabia, with the descendants of Ibn Abd al-Wahhab continuing to serve as religious advisers.

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