Citation for Asabiyyah

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Asabiyyah." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Aug 24, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e202>.

Chicago

"Asabiyyah." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e202 (accessed Aug 24, 2019).

Asabiyyah

Social solidarity with an emphasis on group consciousness, cohesiveness, and unity. Familiar in the pre-Islamic era, the term became popularized in Ibn Khaldun 's (d. 1406 ) Muqaddimah. Asabiyyah is neither necessarily nomadic nor based on blood relations. In the modern period, the term is analogous to solidarity.

See also Ibn Khaldun, Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad

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