Citation for Qadariyyah

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Qadariyyah." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. May 18, 2022. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1901>.

Chicago

"Qadariyyah." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1901 (accessed May 18, 2022).

Qadariyyah

Classical Islamic theological school, seventh to ninth century, which asserted human free will in decision making and as justification for God's power to blame or punish humans. Humans' capacity to make choices makes them responsible for the outcome of their actions and absolves God of responsibility for evil in the world. Many of this school's doctrines were adopted by Mutazilis. The position was rejected by the dominant Ashari theology.

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