Citation for Ansari, Murtada

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Ansari, Murtada." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Apr 13, 2021. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e170>.

Chicago

"Ansari, Murtada." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e170 (accessed Apr 13, 2021).

Ansari, Murtada

(d. 1864 )

First scholar universally recognized as supreme authority (marja al-taqlid) in matters of Shii law. Proclaimed that the clergy were vested with a modicum of the Hidden Imam's authority, privileging them to serve as guardians of the infirm, the needy, widows, and orphans and to supervise religious expenditures. Developed a notion of “rule of the jurist,” later converted by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini into political ideology.

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