Citation for Mutazilis

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"Mutazilis." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Sep 26, 2020. <>.


"Mutazilis." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, (accessed Sep 26, 2020).


Eighth-century theological school that emphasized God's absolute uniqueness, unity, and justice. Also known as Ahl al-Adl wa'l-Tawhid (People of Justice and Unity). Rejected anthropomorphism. Taught that the Quran was created rather than eternal. Preached human free will as a rational depiction of good and evil; preached harmony between human reason and revelation. Opposed the Ashari opinion that God's command is the sole criterion for determining the correctness of an act. Taught instead that the command by itself is insufficient as an agent for action. Additional factors, such as the nature of the agent issuing the command and the consequences of the act for the receiver of the command, must be taken into account. Use of logical arguments, materialism, and rationalistic ethics contributed to the development of philosophical methodology in Islamic theology.

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