Citation for Muslim Brotherhood in Sudan

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Muslim Brotherhood in Sudan." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Aug 24, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1641>.

Chicago

"Muslim Brotherhood in Sudan." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1641 (accessed Aug 24, 2019).

Muslim Brotherhood in Sudan

Islamic revivalist organization that originated among Sudanese students in Cairo in 1940s. Rejected union with the Egyptian branch, forming an alliance instead with the Sudanese Ansar-Ummah political bloc in support of Sudanese independence. Hassan al-Turabi emerged as its most effective spokesperson in 1964 . The Muslim Brotherhood founded the Islamic Charter Front in 1964 to advocate Islamic constitution. It cooperated with the Ummah Party in an anti-Communist drive and the push for an Islamic constitution. The 1969 coup by Jafar al-Numayri and his Communist allies halted implementation of its goals. The Muslim Brotherhood preferred pragmatism to armed struggle and joined forces with the regime in 1977 . Members were appointed to positions in the judiciary and the educational and financial systems, improving organization and finances. Insisted on the foundation of an Islamic state. Supported the implementation of hudud punishments in 1983 as part of an educational process to improve the morals of citizens. Formed the National Islamic Front in 1985 and participated in 1986 elections. Provided support for the regime established by a military coup in 1989 and has since dominated Sudanese politics.

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