Citation for Mawla

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Mawla." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. May 17, 2022. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1476>.

Chicago

"Mawla." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1476 (accessed May 17, 2022).

Mawla

Protector, master. Also mawlau . From Arabic waliya, “to be close to,” “to have power over.” Has entered a number of languages as a loan word (e.g., Persian mullah ). Can have reciprocal meanings depending on whether it is in the active or passive voice: master or slave, patron or client, and friend. In Sufism and Shiism, a spiritual protector or saint. Spelled mawlay, moulay, or mulay in the Maghreb and Andalusia. In Morocco, refers to descendants of Muhammad.

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