Citation for Mawali

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Mawali." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jun 18, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1473>.

Chicago

"Mawali." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1473 (accessed Jun 18, 2019).

Mawali

Sing. mauda. Non-Arab Muslims. Initially referred to those captured during the expansion of Islam throughout the Near East and parts of the Byzantine Empire who ultimately converted to Islam. Also refers to clients of Arab tribes. Under the Umayyad dynasty ( 661 – 750 ) mawali were not entitled to equal treatment with Arab Muslims, particularly with respect to taxes. Preferential treatment of Arab Muslims came to be a source of contention since it violated the Quranic declaration of equality of all believers. Under the subsequent Abbasid dynasty ( 750 – 1258 ), distinctions between Arab and non-Arab Muslims were not stressed.

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