Citation for Makruh

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Makruh." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. May 20, 2022. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1400>.

Chicago

"Makruh." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1400 (accessed May 20, 2022).

Makruh

Reprehensible, detested, hateful, odious. Usually refers to one of the five legal values in Islamic law (the other four are fard or wajib, obligatory; mustahabb or mandub, preferred; halal, permissible; and haram, prohibited). Makruh acts are not legally forbidden but discouraged. Muslims are advised to avoid makruh acts because the continued and insistent commission of such acts will lead to sin.

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