Citation for Madani, Abbasi

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MLA

"Madani, Abbasi." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jul 21, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1364>.

Chicago

"Madani, Abbasi." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1364 (accessed Jul 21, 2019).

Madani, Abbasi

(b. 1931 )

Algerian Islamic activist and political leader. As a member of the National Liberation Front (FLN), Madani resisted the French colonizers. He was arrested and imprisoned for eight years. Later received a British doctoral degree in comparative education and was appointed professor at the University of Algiers ( 1978 ). He grew increasingly critical of the FLN's socialist orientation, and when a new constitution allowing the formation of political parties was adopted in February 1989 , Madani established the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS). In the 1990 elections FIS won a majority of parliamentary seats. A new electoral law favoring the FLN was passed, and he and his deputy, Ali Bel Hajj , were arrested and sentenced to twelve years for leading an armed conspiracy against state security. Managing to integrate several Islamic parties into the FIS, Madani transformed the party into a potent political force in Algeria, challenging the historic monopoly of the FLN.

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