Citation for Kufa

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Kufa." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jan 24, 2021. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1321>.

Chicago

"Kufa." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1321 (accessed Jan 24, 2021).

Kufa

Major city in Iraq. Became a center for political and cultural development during the first centuries of Islam. Has always had strong associations with Shiism and remains a Shii center today. Founded as a military city in 638 by the general Sad ibn Abi Waqqas and served as a base for Muslim expansion into Iran and the East. During the first civil war in 656 , Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib (the first Shii imam) made Kufa his capital. Ali's tomb is located close to the city in Najaf.

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