Citation for Alids

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"Alids." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Apr 13, 2021. <>.


"Alids." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, (accessed Apr 13, 2021).


In early Islam, those who contended that only a member of the Prophet's clan of Hashim (descendants of Ali ) should rule and that political legitimacy lay in genealogy; the Shii community. Others, such as the Umayyads, held that consensus of the Muslim community was necessary to establish a legitimate claim to head the Islamic community. Alids fomented numerous uprisings in the last years of Umayyad rule ( 661 – 750 ). By the late eighth century, some Shiis had developed the imamate concept, which held that only an Alid could rightfully claim leadership of the Muslim community.

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