Citation for Judaism and Islam

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"Judaism and Islam." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Sep 26, 2020. <>.


"Judaism and Islam." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, (accessed Sep 26, 2020).

Judaism and Islam

Islam has had a long, intertwined relationship with Judaism. Quranic respect for Jews and Judaism is shown in the notion of “people of the book,” inspired by the Jews and their tradition. As a protected minority, Jews were often autonomous in their internal communal life while also interacting with the majority culture. Until the early modern period, Muslim-Jewish cultural and intellectual interchanges were significant. In theology, exegesis, philosophy, law, and mysticism, Jews and Muslims contributed to and learned from one another. Harsh treatment, while not unknown, was the exception. Later, the situation of Jews and other minorities generally deteriorated, but this occurred unevenly in different times and places; these developments reflected a relative political and economic decline in parts of the Islamic world. In the modern period, Zionism's emergence, Israel's creation, and the subsequent migration of Jews from Arab lands to Israel all led to a worsening of historic Muslim-Jewish relations.

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