Citation for Jizyah

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Jizyah." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Aug 7, 2020. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1206>.

Chicago

"Jizyah." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1206 (accessed Aug 7, 2020).

Jizyah

Compensation. Poll tax levied on non-Muslims as a form of tribute and in exchange for an exemption from military service, based on Quran 9:29 . Sometimes conceived as a graduated head tax in which the rich paid more than the poor and the penniless were exempt; other times, it was strictly applied. If a Muslim leader did not provide his subjects with adequate security, he was obliged to refund the tax; Salah al-Din ( Saladin ) returned the money to his Christian subjects when he was compelled to withdraw his army from Syria. There is no consensus about its applicability in the modern world.

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