Citation for Islamic Calendar

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Islamic Calendar." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Sep 21, 2020. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1091>.

Chicago

"Islamic Calendar." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1091 (accessed Sep 21, 2020).

Islamic Calendar

Also known as hijrah calendar. Lunar calendar consisting of twelve months, each of which lasts from the first sighting of one crescent moon to the first sighting of the next, approximately twenty-nine or thirty days. The year is 354 days long. The months in order are Muharram, Safar, Rabi al-Awwal, Rabi al-Thani, Jumada al-Ula, Jumada al-Akhirah, Rajab, Shaban, Ramadan, Shawwal, Dhu al-Qadah, and Dhu al-Hijjah. Holidays occur during different seasons from year to year since the calendar is lunar rather than solar. Days run from sunset to sunset. Year 1 of the Islamic calendar begins with the Muslim emigration (hijrah) from Mecca to Medina in 622 C.E.

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