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Displaying: abl - art

  • The Ablution (Primary Source)

    Syrian writer Hani al-Rahib (1939–2000) described the novel as “an immunization against madness,” and throughout his career he used the art of fiction to ...

    By: Hani al-Rahib

  • Abu al-Atahiyah (c. 820) (Primary Source)

    The poet Abu al-Atahiyah (d. 828) earned the name “Father of Craziness” by breaking with traditional poetic forms in order to espouse a simpler ...

    By: Abu al-Atahiyah

  • Accountability, Parliament, and Ijtihad (Primary Source)

    Pakistan was created in 1947 as a Muslim homeland for South Asians, but its founders disagreed whether the new nation should be organized democratically ...

    By: S. M. Zafar

  • Adam’s Progeny (Primary Source)

    Khalida Hussain (b. 1938) solidified her place among the leaders of Urdu modernist literature in the 1960s, when she wrote under her maiden name, ...

    By: Khalida Hussain

  • Adaptation of Islamic Jurisprudence to Modern Social Needs (Primary Source)

    An LL.B. and Docteur en Droit (University of Lyons), he has served as magistrate, president of the Appeals Court (1944–46), member of Parliament, and ...

    By: Subhī Mahmasānī

  • Advice (Primary Source)

    Shaykh al-Amin bin ‘Ali Mazrui (Kenya, 1890–1947) was the scion of a long line of religious scholars from the large Mazrui clan, which had ...

    By: Shaykh al-Amin bin ‘Ali al-Mazrui

  • Afghanistan, The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of (2004) (Primary Source)

    Various provisions in the Constitution of Afghanistan, which was adopted by the Afghan Loya Jirga in 2004, clearly highlight the salient role that it ...

  • al-Biruni On Hinduism (1030) (Primary Source)

    Among the most well-read and well-traveled Muslim scholars of his time was Abu Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad, known as al-Biruni (The Outsider). Born in ...

    By: al-Biruni

  • al-Ḥillī on the Imamate (c. 1300) (Primary Source)

    ʿAllāmah ibnal-Muahhar Ḥillī (1250–1325) grew up during the occupation of Baghdad by Mongol forces. While this period witnessed incredible violence, it also opened up ...

    By: ʿAllāmah ibnal-Muṭahhar Ḥillī

  • Alawi-Ismaili Confrontation in Qadmous—What Does it Mean? (2005) (Primary Source)

    Among the nations affected by the uprisings and revolutions known as the Arab Spring, Syria is unique because of its diverse population, whose members ...

    By: Landis Joshua

  • Albania, The Constitution of (1998) (Primary Source)

    The 1998 Constitution of Albania makes clear that the government should be secularist in orientation. While the preambulary clause on the “spirit of tolerance ...

  • And Seek Their Counsel in the Matter [Qur'an, Sura 3, Verse 159] (Primary Source)

    Nam îk Kemal (Turkey, 1840–1888) was a leading advocate of constitutionalism and a famous poet and playwright. He received little formal education and spent ...

    By: Namîk Kemal

  • Anecdotes of the Wise (c. 1475) (Primary Source)

    A consistent theme in the work of the mystic and poet Nur ad-Din Abd ar-Rahman Jami (1414–1492) is that of a wise ruler, trained ...

    By: Nur ad-Din Abd ar-Rahman Jami

  • Another Evening at the Club (Primary Source)

    In order to circumvent her husband’s objections, Alifa Rifaat (1930–1996) published her first short stories with the journal Al-Risala under a pseudonym in 1955. ...

    By: Alifa Rifaat

  • Arab Attitudes Toward Sharīʿah as a Source of Legislation (2011) (Primary Source)

    The Arab uprisings that began in 2011 have placed the issue of women’s rights at the forefront of debate over the nature of democracy ...

  • Arab Charter on Human Rights (2004) (Primary Source)

    The first version of the Arab Charter on Human Rights was adopted by the Arab League in 1994 amidst much controversy. After mounting criticism ...

  • The Arab Personality Between Past and Present (Primary Source)

    After obtaining a licentiate in history at the Sorbonne, he taught in Damascus. In 1940 he joined with Salāh al-Dīn Bitār to form the ...

    By: Michel Aflāq

  • The Arab World and the Muslims Faced with Their Contradictions (Primary Source)

    Swiss-born professor of Islamic studies and philosophy, Muslim leader and activist, he taught at Fribourg University in Switzerland and at the University of Notre ...

    By: Ramadan Tariq

  • Articles of Incorporation of the Moslem Society of the U.S.A., Inc. (1947) (Primary Source)

    In the early twentieth century, the Ahmadiyya sect underwent a schism that ultimately produced two main factions: the “Qadianis,” who adhere to the idea ...

  • Articles of Incorporation of the Muslim Association of America (1920) (Primary Source)

    In the early twentieth century, thousands of South Asian Muslims traveled to the western coast of the United States to work in California’s growing ...

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