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῾Abid

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture What is This? Provides in-depth historical and cultural information on over a thousand years of Islamic art and architecture

῾Abid

(fl. c.1615–58). Indian miniature painter, son of Aqa Riza (i) and brother of Abu῾l-Hasan (ii). Both his father and his brother worked for the Mughal emperor Jahangir (r. 1605–27). Although ῾Abid probably began working in the royal atelier c.1615, all of his known signed works are datable to the reign of Shah Jahan (r. 1628–58). His style varied somewhat from that of his celebrated older brother, but ῾Abid's work also stayed within the strict formalism of the Persian-derived courtly concerns for symmetry, technical perfection and minute detail. Within these constraints, ῾Abid's portraits of court figures are injected with an animation that creates characterization of individual personalities and intensifies the narrative. ῾Abid was an accomplished colorist, whose vivid use of color seems to contrast with the realism of his subjects, primarily battle and court scenes. His known paintings are relatively few; most are from the Padshāhnāma of c.1636–58 (Windsor Castle, Royal Lib., MS. HB.149, fols. 94v [signed], 192v and at least two dispersed leaves elsewhere).

Bibliography

  • The Art of Mughal India: Paintings and Precious Objects (exh. cat. by S. C. Welch; New York, Asia House Gals, 1964)
  • The Grand Moghul: Imperial Painting in India, 1600–1660 (exh. cat. by M. C. Beach; Williamstown, MA, Clark A. Inst.; Baltimore, MD, Walters A.G.; and elsewhere; 1978–9)
  • King of the World: The Padshahnama, an Imperial Mughal Manuscript from the Royal Library, Windsor Castle (exh. cat. by M. C. Beach and E. Koch; New Delhi, N. Mus.; London, Queen's Gal.; Washington, DC, Sackler Gal.; New York, Met., and elsewhere; 1997–8), nos. 16 and 37
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