We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more A'ishah - Oxford Islamic Studies Online
Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
Chapter: verse lookup What is This? Select one or both translations, then enter a chapter and verse number in the boxes, and click "Go."
:
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Next Result

A'ishah

Source:
The Islamic World: Past and Present What is This? Accessible coverage of Islam from the seventh century to the twenty-first century

    A'ishah

    614 – 678 Third wife of Muhammad

    A'ishah was the third and youngest wife of the Prophet Muhammad. Born in Mecca, she was the daughter of Abu Bakr , one of the Prophet's most important supporters. Muhammad married her in 624 after the battle of Badr. A'ishah's intelligence, courage, and personal charm established her as his favorite spouse, and she sometimes accompanied her husband on his travels. When Muhammad died in 632 , A'ishah was at his side. Only 18 and without children, she was forbidden to marry again.

    A'ishah became an authority on medicine, history, and poetry. She collected and recorded hadith, the words and deeds of Muhammad as reported by his close companions. Historians have traced more than 1,200 of these back to her. She also played a central role in leading prayers for women in the early years of the Muslim community.

    A'ishah is best remembered for the active role she played in Muslim political affairs after her husband's death. When disagreement arose over who should succeed Muhammad as caliph, the majority of Muslims chose her father, Abu Bakr . After his death, Umar succeeded him for 10 years and Uthman for 12. Both men were assassinated. A'ishah remained politically inactive during Umar's caliphate but played a significant role in ending that of Uthman. She gave some support to the opposition movement that ultimately led to his murder.

    A'ishah also opposed Ali ibn Abi Talib, Muhammad's son-in-law, who was elected caliph after Uthman. A'ishah gathered an army of loyal followers to challenge Ali in battle. Ali defeated her, however, at the Battle of the Camel, named for the animal on which she rode. After capturing A'ishah, Ali freed her on the condition that she abandon politics. A'ishah lived the remainder of her life in Medina. See also Ali ibn Abi Talib ; Caliph; Muhammad .

    • Previous Result
    • Results
    • Highlight On / Off
    • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
    • Next Result
    Oxford University Press

    © 2015. All Rights Reserved. Privacy policy and legal notice