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Ibn Tumart, Abu Abd Allah Muhammad

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Ibn Tumart, Abu Abd Allah Muhammad

    (d. 1130 )

    Berber religious reformer and founder of the Muwahiddun or Almohad movement of North Africa. Summoned Muslims to close observance of religious obligations based on strict study of the Quran and tradition. Criticized the scholarly and ruling elite for their hostility toward theology and preoccupation with the branches rather than roots of faith. Vehemently affirmed God's unity (tawhid) as a principle of faith, rejecting any anthropomorphism. Attracted many followers, who eventually declared him the infallible, awaited mahdi (guide). After his demise, they gradually gained rule of much of North Africa and south Andalusia.

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