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Ibn Sina, Abu Ali Husayn ibn Abd Allah

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Ibn Sina, Abu Ali Husayn ibn Abd Allah

    (d. 1037 )

    Latin name Avicenna . With Ibn Rushd , best-known philosopher in the Muslim world. Born in Bukhara. Worked as a physician; wrote on logic, physics, psychology, metaphysics, and astronomy as well. Also wrote philosophico-mystical treatises and “visionary recitals.” Most famous works are Al-qanun fi'l tibb (The canon on medicine), known in Europe from its partial translation into Latin in the twelfth century, and Kitab al-shifa (The book of health), which deals with logic, the natural sciences, and metaphysics. A Neoplatonist, Ibn Sina taught creation as a timeless process of divine emanation. Well known in Europe, where his mixture of Aristotelian and Platonic thought was criticized. Like Ibn Rushd, his rationalist religious thought was condemned by orthodoxy and included in al-Ghazzali 's Tahafut al-falasifah (The incoherence of the philosophers).

    See also Hikmat al-Ishraq

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