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Ibn Rushd, Abu-i-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Ibn Rushd, Abu-i-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad

    (d. 1198 )

    Greatest Aristotelian philosopher of the Muslim world. Also known by his Latin name, Averroës , and as “The Commentator,” since his commentaries on Aristotle were for many medieval Europeans their source of knowledge of Aristotle. Made important contributions in theology, medicine, and jurisprudence as well. Served as physician and chief religious judge of Córdoba. Set out to harmonize faith and reason, Aristotelian philosophy with the teachings of the Quran. His best-known philosophical work was Tahafut al-tahafut (The incoherence of the incoherence), a response to al-Ghazzali 's attack on philosophy, Tahafut al-falasifah (The incoherence of the philosophers). His influence in the West was greater than in the Islamic world, where his work was condemned by orthodox religious scholars who rejected his views that religious law and philosophy have the same goal and that creation is an eternal process.

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