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Fatihah

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Fatihah

    “The Opening,” title of the first surah of the Quran, also called Umm al-Kitab (mother of the book) or Surat al-Hamd (chapter of praise). It is regarded as the essence of the Quran and sums up the relation of humans to God. With recitation in each standing (rakah) of the five canonical prayers each day, it is repeated seventeen times a day and always concludes with amin (amen). It is also repeated over sick people for a blessing as well as recited for the deceased, upon visiting graves, when attending funerals, while visiting holy places, and upon marriage. Fatihah is an important part of dua, individual and purposeful noncanonical prayers. In folk religion, it is believed to be a powerful prayer for the making of amulets.

    See also Quran

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