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Fard al-Ayn

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Fard al-Ayn

    In Islamic law, refers to legal obligations that must be performed by each individual Muslim, including prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage. Individual obligation is contrasted with communal obligation (fard al-kifayah). The question of whether the obligation of “reproaching the unjust ruler” or, more generally, the obligation to “command the good and forbid the reprehensible” is an obligation on each individual or can be satisfied by part of the community is debated, particularly among Shii scholars.

    See also Fard al-Kifayah

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