We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more Farabi, Abu Nasr Muhammad ibn Tarkhan al- - Oxford Islamic Studies Online
Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
Chapter: verse lookup What is This? Select one or both translations, then enter a chapter and verse number in the boxes, and click "Go."
:
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Next Result

Farabi, Abu Nasr Muhammad ibn Tarkhan al-

Source:
The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Farabi, Abu Nasr Muhammad ibn Tarkhan al-

    (d. 950 )

    Founder of Islamic political philosophy and formal logic in the Islamic world. Wrote important commentaries on Aristotle and works of philosophy, the most famous of which addresses the question of the virtuous city, characterized by division and protection of all good things among people and by the relationship between (and mutual duties of) ruler and ruled. Also synthesized the political philosophy of Plato and Islamic political thought. Integrated religion and science in written works. Understood philosophy as a quest for personal excellence, particularly in terms of intellect and moral character. Asserted that prophecy and philosophy are essentially one; the major difference is that the prophet perceives truth suddenly, by inspiration, whereas the philosopher must gain wisdom through a long and arduous struggle. A prophet possesses a special capacity to put the pure and abstract truth sought by philosophers in terms that ordinary people can understand. Revelation is thus philosophy for the masses, and prophets serve as popular examples of obedience to moral law. His views on the nature of prophecy were unpopular among religious scholars. Among his major works was The Virtuous City (Al-madinat al-fadilah).

    See also Madinat al-Fadilah, al-

    • Previous Result
    • Results
    • Highlight On / Off
    • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
    • Next Result
    Oxford University Press

    © 2021. All Rights Reserved. Cookie Policy | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice