We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more Afghanistan, Islam in - Oxford Islamic Studies Online
Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
Chapter: verse lookup What is This? Select one or both translations, then enter a chapter and verse number in the boxes, and click "Go."
:
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Next Result

Afghanistan, Islam in

Source:
The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Afghanistan, Islam in

    Approximately 88 percent of modern-day Afghanistan's population is Sunni; 12 percent is Shii. Islam arrived in the eighth century during the expansion of the Islamic empire. Various rulers have legitimized their rule based on protection of Islam and personal piety. From the 1920s until the 1970s Afghanistan was dependent upon the Soviet Union. Communist parties were supported, and Islam was restricted to rituals and legal injunctions. The Communist government ruled 1978 – 92 after a Soviet-sponsored coup d'etat, resulting in a crackdown on Islamist movements, which became the opposition. During Communist rule Islamists emerged among university faculty and students who sought an Islamic state; they joined with traditional tribal and religious leaders to form the mujahidin and fought a nationwide jihad to drive out the Soviets (achieved in 1989 ) and Afghan Communists. An Islamic state was declared in 1992 . The country then fell into bloody interethnic and sectarian warfare. The Islamist movement split from within; two major factions were led by Burhanuddin Rabbani and Gulbuddin Hekmatyar and were funded by Pakistan and Iran. Continued corruption and disorder in the country led to the takeover of Kabul by the Taliban in 1996 . The Taliban consolidated control over approximately 90 percent of Afghanistan and placed the country under an extremist interpretation of Islam, including strict enforcement of segregation of sexes, full veiling in the burqa for women, a prohibition against women working outside the home or seeking education, and destruction of idols, such as the fifth-century Buddha statues destroyed in 2000 .

    See also Durrani Dynasty

    • Previous Result
    • Results
    • Highlight On / Off
    • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
    • Next Result
    Oxford University Press

    © 2018. All Rights Reserved. Privacy policy and legal notice