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Córdoba, Caliphate of

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Córdoba, Caliphate of

    After the fall of the Umayyad dynasty in Damascus, Abd al-Rahman ibn Muawiyah , an Umayyad prince, established himself in Córdoba in 756 as ruler of al-Andalus. The Córdoban cultural and scientific flowering peaked in the tenth century under Abd al-Rahman III , who took the title of caliph, and his son al-Hakam II , who was a well-known bibliophile and patron of the arts and sciences. Following several ineffectual caliphs and political disintegration of the country, the Córdoban caliphate finally collapsed in 1016 , and several puppet caliphs appeared throughout the tumultuous eleventh century in an era of small competing states.

    See also Andalus, al-

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