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Cameroon, Islam in

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Cameroon, Islam in

    Muslims comprise 16 percent of Cameroon's 13.1 million inhabitants; Christians are 33 percent and practitioners of indigenous African religions 51 percent. The Fulani, a pastoral nomadic group, spread Islam in early-nineteenth-century West Africa through commercial activity and Sufi brotherhoods (Qadiri and Tijani). Colonized by the Germans ( 1884 – 1916 ) and the British and French ( 1916 – 60 ), northern Cameroonians strongly resisted westernization; at independence in 1960 , the developmental imbalance between the Muslim north and the south, where indigenous African religions and Christianity predominate, was obvious. In the last elections ( 1997 ) the Cameroon People's Democratic Movement (CPDM) won overwhelmingly; it is government-controlled and was the only party until legalization of opposition parties in 1990 . There are no active Islamic political parties.

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