We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more Umar ibn al-Khattab - Oxford Islamic Studies Online
Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
Chapter: verse lookup What is This? Select one or both translations, then enter a chapter and verse number in the boxes, and click "Go."
:
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Next Result

Umar ibn al-Khattab

Source:
The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Umar ibn al-Khattab

    (r. 634 – 644 )

    Second Sunni caliph and Companion of Muhammad . Oversaw major expansion of the Islamic empire. Great military leader who adopted the title “Commander of the Faithful.” Transformed Arab conquerors into a separate elite military class who ruled newly conquered regions but were not permitted to engage in agriculture or commerce. Permitted conquered peoples to continue to practice their own religions, rather than insisting that they convert to Islam, provided that they paid a poll tax. Transmitted numerous hadith; considered a particularly authoritative source. Instituted the method of appointing a committee to select the next caliph; the election was to be accompanied by the clasping of hands and the exchange of oaths of allegiance to the successor.

    • Previous Result
    • Results
    • Highlight On / Off
    • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
    • Next Result
    Oxford University Press

    © 2017. All Rights Reserved. Privacy policy and legal notice