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Muslim Brotherhood in Palestine

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Muslim Brotherhood in Palestine

    The Muslim Brotherhood in Palestine emerged from the efforts of Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood founder Hasan al-Banna in the early 1940s when he began setting up branches in Palestine. As Palestinian territory continued to be taken under the control of other countries—Egypt and Jordan in the late 1940s and then Israel after the Six-Day War in 1967 —the Muslim Brotherhood of Palestine flourished under a partnership with other Brotherhood organizations. In 1973 the Palestinian version of the Brotherhood, under the leadership of Shaykh Ahmad Yasin and with the permission of Israeli authorities, developed social, religious, and welfare programs, which led to increased popularity. However, by the 1980s the Brotherhood's apolitical path had caused its support to dwindle, especially among the increasingly politicized younger generation. As a result, Shaykh Yasin and others created Hamas, an offshoot, in 1987 during the Palestinian uprising (intifadah) against Israeli occupation and rule in Gaza and the West Bank. The Brotherhood continues as a separate organization primarily concerned with educational and social reform.

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