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Muhammadiyyah

Source:
The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Muhammadiyyah

    Javanese Islamic reformist movement founded by Kiyai Hadji Ahmad Dahlan in 1912 . One of the most important religious, educational, and social movements in Indonesia. Most powerful reformist movement in Muslim Southeast Asia today. Emerged as a means of coping with the pressures and alienation of colonial history. Established hundreds of branches with millions of members, missionary movements, clinics, orphanages, poorhouses, hospitals, publications, labor unions, farm cooperatives, factories, and schools. Has committees on Islamic law, politics, women's affairs, youth, education, library and archives, celebrations and evangelism, social welfare and health care, economic development, and property administration. Counts several million members, largely from the middle class.

    See also Aisyiyah; Dahlan, Kiyai Hadji Ahmad

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