The word sihr encompasses a wide range of subjects, from white and black magic to having contacts with jinn (nonhuman creatures). Its basic meaning is the same as the English word magic: falsification of reality, having contact with supernatural or psychic powers, and creating a transforming effect on the soul. The meaning, reality, and practice of magic have been dealt with in such diverse sciences as astrology, alchemy, law, and theology. Most of the Quranic references to magic are negative, since Muhammad was accused of being a magician (sahir, Quran 10:2 ) by his detractors. Even though white magic has been somewhat tolerated, its practice has been emphatically discouraged.
See also Popular Religion