Kosovo, Islam in
Muslims in Kosovo are largely of Albanian descent, with a small number of Turks who remained after Yugoslav independence. Albanians arrived in Kosovo beginning in the late seventeenth century, during Ottoman occupation. Long-standing enmity between Christian Serbs and Muslim Albanians was raised to fever pitch during the Communist era and again in the 1990s. Public religious observances were forbidden by the Communist regime, and many of the Sufi brotherhoods were outlawed. The current religious situation of the Albanian community is difficult to determine because assertions of Albanian nationalism, particularly since the explosion of violence in the 1990s, have monopolized public discourse. The actual influence of mosques and Sufi brotherhoods is unknown. As of 2001 , approximately 90 percent of the population were ethnic Albanians, most of whom identify themselves as Muslims.
See also Albania, Islam in