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Khatmi Tariqah

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

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    Khatmi Tariqah

    Sufi order founded in Sudan in 1817 by Muhammad Uthman al-Mirghani . Claimed to be the “seal” (khatm) of Sufi orders. Prescribes devotion and quiet contemplation of Muhammad 's “light” (inspiration), as well as twice-weekly performance of ritual, such as the poetic biography of Muhammad (mawlid), to provide spiritual rejuvenation. Has a youth organization that brings young men into the order. Has a large urban base, and its educated members are particularly politically active. Under Turco-Egyptian rule, assumed the role of intermediary between followers and authorities. Refused to join the Mahdist state ( 1885 – 98 ) and regained prominence after the state's fall. Ali al-Mirghani (d. 1968 ), the great-grandson of the founder, played an important role in the nationalist movement for Sudanese independence. Since independence, the order has played a significant role in government, either in coalition or in opposition. Military regimes have tried to weaken its political influence, but its position has been strengthened by the failure of military rule and the one-party system.

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