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Jihad, al-

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Jihad, al-

    Jamaat al-Jihad or Islamic Jihad Community. Egyptian Islamic group that assassinated President Anwar Sadat in 1981 . Established in the late 1970s by former members of the group Shabab Muhammad, which attempted a coup in 1974 . Attracted a following in urban areas and in Upper Egypt. Forged an alliance with the Islamic Community (al-Jamaah al-Islamiyyah) in 1980 . Its main ideologue, Muhammad Abd al-Salam Faraj , considered Sadat's regime illegitimate for not implementing Islamic law and jihad as an obligation to establish an Islamic state. By the mid-1980s the group was seriously weakened. In the late 1990s it renounced violence and applied to be recognized as a political party.

    See also Faraj, Muhammad Abd al-Salam

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