We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more The Qurʾan - Repentance - Repentance - Oxford Islamic Studies Online
Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
Chapter: verse lookup What is This? Select one or both translations, then enter a chapter and verse number in the boxes, and click "Go."
:
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Next Result
Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
Chapter : Verse Lookup What is This? Select one or both translations, then enter a chapter and verse number in the boxes, and click "Go."
:

The Qurʾan What is This? A current English-language version of the Qur'an, published in 2004
Translation by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem

9. Repentance (5 – 27)

5When the [four] forbidden months are over, whereverb Inside or outside the Sanctuary in Mecca. See note d to 2: 191. you encounter the idolaters,c In this context, this definitely refers to the ones who broke the treaty. The article here is ahdiya (specific) referring to what has already been stated. kill them, seize them, besiege them, wait for them at every lookout post; but if they turn [to God], maintain the prayer, and pay the prescribed alms, let them go on their way, for God is most forgiving and merciful. 6If any one of the idolaters should seek your protection [Prophet], grant it to him so that he may hear the word of God, then take him to a place safe for him, for they are people with no knowledge [of it]. 7How could there be a treaty with God and His Messenger for such idolaters? But as for those with whom you made a treaty at the Sacred Mosque, so long as they remain true to you, be true to them; God loves those who are mindful of Him. 8[How,] when, if they were to get the upper hand over you, they would not respect any tie with you, of kinship or of treaty? They please you with their tongues, but their hearts are against you and most of them are lawbreakers. 9They have sold God's message for a trifling gain, and barred others from His path. How evil their actions are! 10Where believers are concerned, they respect no tie of kinship or treaty. They are the ones who are committing aggression. 11If they turn to God, keep up the prayer, and pay the prescribed alms, then they are your brothers in faith: We make the messages clear for people who are willing to learn. 12But if they break their oath after having made an agreement with you, if they revile your religion, then fight the leaders of disbelief—oaths mean nothing to them—so that they may stop. 13How could you not fight a people who have broken their oaths, who tried to drive the Messenger out, who attacked you first? Do you fear them? It is God you should fear if you are true believers. 14Fight them: God will punish them at your hands, He will disgrace them, He will help you to conquer them, He will heal the believers’ feelings 15and remove the rage from their hearts. God turns to whoever He will in His mercy; God is all knowing and wise. 16Do you think that you will be left untesteda See also 29: 2.without God identifying which of you will strive for His cause and take no supporters apart from God, His Messenger, and other believers? God is fully aware of all your actions.

17It is not right for the idolaters to tend God's places of worship while testifying to their own disbelief: the deeds of such people will come to nothing and they will abide in Hell. 18The only ones who should tend God's places of worship are those who believe in God and the Last Day, who keep up the prayer, who pay the prescribed alms, and who fear no one but God: such people may hope to be among the rightly guided. 19Do you consider giving water to pilgrims and tending the Sacred Mosque to be equal to the deeds of those who believe in God and the Last Day and who strive in God's path? They are not equal in God's eyes. God does not guide such benighted people. 20Those who believe, who migrated and strove hard in God's way with their possessions and their persons, are in God's eyes much higher in rank; it is they who will triumph; 21and their Lord gives them the good news of His mercy and pleasure, Gardens where they will have lasting bliss 22and where they will remain for ever: truly, there is a tremendous reward with God.

23Believers, do not take your fathers and brothers as alliesa Against the Muslims. Cf. 4: 144. if they prefer disbelief to faith: those of you who do so are doing wrong. 24Say [Prophet], ‘If your fathers, sons, brothers, wives, tribes, the wealth you have acquired, the trade which you fear will decline, and the dwellings you love are dearer to you than God and His Messenger and the struggle in His cause, then wait until God brings about His punishment.’ God does not guide those who break away. 25God has helped you [believers] on many battlefields, even on the day of the Battle of Hunayn.b This took place in a valley between Mecca and Ta’if in the year AH 8/630 CE. You were well pleased with your large numbers, but they were of no use to you: the earth seemed to close in on you despite its spaciousness, and you turned tail and fled. 26Then God sent His calm down to His Messenger and the believers, and He sent down invisible forces. He punished the disbelievers—this is what the disbelievers deserve—27but God turns in His mercy to whoever He will. God is most forgiving and merciful.

Notes:

b Inside or outside the Sanctuary in Mecca. See note d to 2: 191.

c In this context, this definitely refers to the ones who broke the treaty. The article here is ahdiya (specific) referring to what has already been stated.

a See also 29: 2.

a Against the Muslims. Cf. 4: 144.

b This took place in a valley between Mecca and Ta’if in the year AH 8/630 CE.

  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Next Result
Oxford University Press

© 2019. All Rights Reserved. Cookie Policy | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice