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Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
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The Qurʾan What is This? A current English-language version of the Qur'an, published in 2004
Translation by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem

40. The Forgiver (46 – 76)

A terrible punishment engulfed Pharaoh's people; 46they will be brought before the Fire morning and evening.a ‘Morning and evening’ can convey a sense of ‘all the time’. On the Day the Hour comes, it will be said, ‘Throw Pharaoh's people into the worst torment.’ 47In the Fire they will quarrel with one another: the weak will say to the haughty, ‘We were your followers, so can you now relieve us from some share of the Fire?’ 48but they will say, ‘We are all in this together. God has judged between His creatures.’49Those in the Fire will say to the keepers of Hell, ‘Ask your Lord to lessen our suffering for one day,’ 50but they will say, ‘Did your messengers not come to you with clear evidence of the truth?’ They will say, ‘Yes they did,’ and the keeper will say, ‘You can plead, then, but the pleas of disbelievers will always be in vain.’

51We support Our messengers and the believers, in the present life and on the Day when witnesses arise. 52On the Day when excuses will not profit the evildoers, their fate will be rejection and they will have the worst of homes. 53We gave Moses guidance and passed down the Scripture to the Children of Israel, 54as a guide and a reminder to people of understanding. 55So be patient, Prophet, for what God has promised is sure to come. Ask forgiveness for your sins; praise your Lord morning and evening.b See preceding note. 56As for those who, with no authority to do so, dispute God's messages, there is nothing in their hearts but a thirst for a greatness they will never attain. Seek refuge in God, for He is the All Hearing, the All Seeing.

57The creation of the heavens and earth is greater by far than the creation of mankind, though most people do not know it. 58The blind and the sighted are not equal, just as those who believe and do good works and those who do evil are not equal: how seldom you reflect! 59The Final Hour is sure to come, without doubt, but most people do not believe. 60Your Lord says, ‘Call on Me and I will answer you; those who are too proud to serve Me will enter Hell humiliated.’

61It is God who has given you the night in which to rest and the day in which to see. God is truly bountiful to people, but most people do not give thanks. 62Such is God your Lord, the Creator of all things: there is no god but Him. How can you be so deluded? 63This is how deluded those who deny God's messages are. 64It is God who has given you the earth for a dwelling place and the heavens for a canopy. He shaped you, formed you well, and provided you with good things. Such is God your Lord, so glory be to Him, the Lord of the Worlds. 65He is the Living One and there is no god but Him, so call on Him, and dedicate your religion entirely to Him. Praise be to God, the Lord of the Worlds.

66Say [Prophet], ‘Since clear evidence has come to me from my Lord I am forbidden to serve those you call upon besides God: I am commanded to submit to the Lord of the Worlds.’ 67It is He who created you from dust, then from a drop of fluid, then from a tiny, clinging form, then He brought you forth as infants, then He allowed you to reach maturity, then He let you grow old—though some of you die sooner—and reach your appointed term so that you may reflect. 68It is He who gives life and death, and when He ordains a thing, He says only ‘Be’ and it is.

69[Prophet], do you see how deluded those who dispute God's messages are—70those who reject the Scripture and the messages We have sent through Our messengers? They will find out71when, with iron collars and chains around their necks, they are dragged 72into scalding water, and then burned in the Fire, 73and asked, ‘Where now are those you called upon 74besides God?’ They will say, ‘They have abandoned us: those we called upon before were really nothing at all.’ ‘This is how God lets disbelievers go astray, 75all because on earth you revelled in untruth and ran wild.76Enter the gates of Hell, there to remain—an evil home for the arrogant.’

Notes:

a ‘Morning and evening’ can convey a sense of ‘all the time’.

b See preceding note.

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