We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more The Qurʾan - The Family of 'Imran - The Family of 'Imran - Oxford Islamic Studies Online
Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
Chapter: verse lookup What is This? Select one or both translations, then enter a chapter and verse number in the boxes, and click "Go."
:
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Next Result
Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
Chapter : Verse Lookup What is This? Select one or both translations, then enter a chapter and verse number in the boxes, and click "Go."
:

The Qurʾan What is This? A current English-language version of the Qur'an, published in 2004
Translation by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem

3. The Family of 'Imran (1 – 20)

A Medinan sura which takes its title from the family of ‘Imran mentioned in verse 33. It begins by emphasizing that the Qurʾan confirms the earlier scriptures and goes on to say later that the central tenet of faith is devotion to God (verses 19–20). The story of Zachariah, Mary, and Jesus is given in verses 35–64 and the fact that Jesus was unfathered, just as Adam was created without a father, is accentuated. Aspects of the battles ofBadr and Uhud are described, especially the latter, where the Muslims disobeyed the Prophet and were defeated. The sura first documents the tension that arose between the Muslims and certain of the Jews and Christians (verses 65–85 and 98–101), then closes by emphasizing the unity of faith and conduct between the Muslims and some of these People of the Book, explaining that these will have their reward from God (verse 199).

In the name of God, the Lord of Mercy, the Giver of Mercy

1Alif Lam Mima See note to 2: 1.

2God: there is no god but Him, the Ever Living, the Ever Watchful. 3Step by step, He has sent the Scripture down to you [Prophet] with the Truth, confirming what went before: He sent down the Torah and the Gospel 4earlier as a guide for people and He has sent down the distinction [between right and wrong].b See also 5: 48; 25: 1. Those who deny God's revelations will suffer severe torment: God is almighty and capable of retribution. 5Nothing on earth or in heaven is hidden from God: 6it is He who shapes you all in the womb as He pleases. There is no God but Him, the Mighty, the Wise: 7it is He who has sent this Scripture down to you [Prophet]. Some of its verses are definite in meaning—these are the cornerstonec Literally ‘the mother’. of the Scripture—and others are ambiguous. The perverse at heart eagerly pursue the ambiguities in their attempt to make trouble and to pin down a specific meaning of their own: only God knows the true meaning. Those firmly grounded in knowledge say, ‘We believe in it: it is all from our Lord’—only those with real perception will take heed—8‘Our Lord, do not let our hearts deviate after You have guided us. Grant us Your mercy: You are the Ever Giving. 9Our Lord, You will gather all people on the Day of which there is no doubt:a And on the day itself there will no longer be any doubt (see 102: 3–8). God never breaks His promise.’

10Neither their possessions nor their children will be any use to the disbelievers against God. The disbelievers will be fuel for the Fire, 11just as Pharaoh's people and their predecessors denied Our revelations, and God punished them for their sins: God is severe in punishing. 12[Prophet], say to the disbelievers, ‘You will be defeated and driven together into Hell, a foul resting place. 13You have already seen a sign in the two armies that met in battle, one fighting for God's cause and the other made up of disbelievers. With their own eyes [the former] saw [the latter] to be twice their number,b This is an allusion to the Battle of Badr, where the Muslim army was vastly outnumbered but still victorious (see 8: 43–4). but God helps whoever He will. There truly is a lesson in this for all with eyes to see.’

14The love of desirable things is made alluring for men—women, children, gold and silver treasures piled up high, horses with fine markings, livestock, and farmland—these may be the joys of this life, but God has the best place to return to. 15[Prophet], say, ‘Would you like me to tell you of things that are better than all of these? Their Lord will give those who are mindful of God Gardens graced with flowing streams, where they will stay with pure spouses and God's good pleasure—God is fully aware of His servants—16those who say, “Our Lord, we believe, so forgive us our sins and protect us from suffering in the Fire,” 17those who are steadfast, truthful, truly devout, who give [in God's cause] and pray before dawn for forgiveness.’

18God bears witness that there is no god but Him, as do the angels and those who have knowledge. He upholds justice. There is no god but Him, the Almighty, the All Wise. 19True Religion, in God's eyes, is islam: [devotion to Him alone].c See note to 2: 128 above. Those who were given the Scripture disagreed out of rivalry, only after they had been given knowledge—if anyone denies God's revelations, God is swift to take account—20if they argue with you [Prophet], say, ‘I have devoted myselfd Literally ‘submitted my face’. to God alone and so have my followers.’ Ask those who were given the Scripture, as well as those without one, ‘Do you too devote yourselves to Him alone?’ If they do, they will be guided, but if they turn away, your only duty is to convey the message. God is aware of His servants.

Notes:

a See note to 2: 1.

b See also 5: 48; 25: 1.

c Literally ‘the mother’.

a And on the day itself there will no longer be any doubt (see 102: 3–8).

b This is an allusion to the Battle of Badr, where the Muslim army was vastly outnumbered but still victorious (see 8: 43–4).

c See note to 2: 128 above.

d Literally ‘submitted my face’.

  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Next Result
Oxford University Press

© 2018. All Rights Reserved. Cookie Policy | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice