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*J ʿ L

JAʿALA — to make; to place, to set, to establish; to assign, to appoint, to give

  1. a) perf. act.
  2. 4:5(4) do not give to fools their property that God has assigned to you to manage
  3. 5:97(98) God has appointed the Kaaba
  4. 5:103(102) God has not appointed cattle dedicated to idols
  5. 6:136(137) they appoint to God, of the tillage and cattle
  6. 16:72(74) God has appointed for you of yourselves wives
  7. 16:80(82) it is God who has appointed a place of rest
  8. 16:81(83) it is God who has appointed for you coverings
  9. 16:91(93) and you have made God your surety
  10. 28:71(71) what think you? If God should make the night unceasing
  11. 28:72(72) what think you? If God should make the day unceasing
  12. 33:4(4) God has not assigned to any man two hearts within
  13. 40:61(63) it is God who made for you the night
  14. 40:64(66) it is God who made for you the earth
  15. 40:79(79) it is God who appointed for you the cattle
  16. 65:3(3) God has appointed a measure for everything
  17. 71:19(18) God has laid the earth for you as a carpet
  1. b) impf. act.
  2. 2:224(224) do not make God a hindrance, through your oaths
  3. 3:156(150) that God may make that an anguish in their hearts
  4. 4:19(23) you may be averse to a thing, and God set in it much good
  5. 4:144(143) do you desire to give God over you a clear authority?
  6. 6:125(125) so God lays abomination upon those who believe not
  7. 16:57(59) and they assign to God daughters
  8. 16:62(64) they assign to God that they themselves dislike
  9. 24:40(40) to whomsoever God assigns no light, no light has he
  10. 60:7(7) it may be God will yet establish between you and… them… love
  11. 65:7(7) God will assuredly appoint, after difficulty, easiness
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24. Light (39 – 60)

39But the deeds of those who disbelieve are like a mirage in a desert: the thirsty person thinks there will be water but, when he gets there, he finds only God, who pays him his account in full— God is swift in reckoning.40Or like shadows in a deep sea covered by wave upon wave, with clouds above— layer upon layer of darkness— if he holds out his hand, he is scarcely able to see it. The one to whom God gives no light has no light at all.

41[Prophet], do you not see that all those who are in the heavens and earth praise God, as do the birds with wings outstretched? Each knows its [own way] of prayer and glorification: God has full knowledge of what they do. 42Control of the heavens and earth belongs to God: and to God is the final return. 43Do you not see that God drives the clouds, then gathers them together and piles them up until you see rain pour from their midst? He sends hail down from [such] mountains in the sky, pouring it on whoever He wishes and diverting it from whoever He wishes— the flash of its lightning almost snatches sight away. 44God alternates night and day —there truly is a lesson in [all] this for those who have eyes to see— 45and God created each animal out of [its own] fluid:a This ma is not ‘water’, which would have the generic al- (cf. 21: 30), but is for each animal a special, essential fluid, and so each creature is different, as is clear from what follows. some of them crawl on their bellies, some walk on two legs, and some on four. God creates whatever He will; God has power over everything.

46We have sent verses that clarify the right path: God guides whoever He will to a straight path. 47They say, ‘We believe in God and the Messenger; we obey,’ but then some of them turn away: these people are not true believers 48and when they are summoned to God and His Messenger in order for him to judge between them, some of them turn away. 49If they were claiming their right, they would come willingly [to the Prophet]. 50Do they have sickness in their hearts? Are they full of doubts? Do they fear that God and His Messenger might deal with them unjustly? No, it is they who are the unjust ones. 51When the true believers are summoned to God and His Messenger in order for him to judge between them, they say, ‘We hear and we obey.’ These are the ones who will prosper: 52whoever obeys God and His Messenger, stands in awe of God, and keeps his duty to Him will be triumphant. 53[The others] solemnly swear by God that if you [Prophet] commanded them, they would march out. Tell them, ‘Do not swear: it is reasonable obedience that is required, and God is aware of everything you do.’ 54Say, ‘Obey God; obey the Messenger. If you turn away, [know that] he is responsible for the duty placed upon him, and you are responsible for the duty placed upon you. If you obey him, you will be rightly guided, but the Messenger's duty is only to deliver the message clearly.’

55God has made a promise to those among you who believe and do good deeds: He will make them successors to the land, as He did those who came before them; He will empower the religion He has chosen for them; He will grant them security to replace their fear. ‘They will worship Me and not join anything with Me.’ Those who are defiant after that will be the rebels.— 56[People], keep up the prayer, pay the prescribed alms, and obey the Messenger, so that you may be given mercy. 57Do not think [Prophet] that the disbelievers can escape God on earth; the Fire will be their final home, an evil end.

58Believers, your slaves and any who have not yet reached puberty should ask your permission to come in at three times of day: before the dawn prayer; when you lay your garments aside in the midday heat; and after the evening prayer. These are your three times for privacy; at other times, there is no blame on you or them if you move around each other freely. In this way God makes messages clear: God is all knowing, all wise. 59When your children reach puberty, they should [always] ask your permission to enter, like their elders do. This is how God makes His messages clear to you: God is all knowing, all wise. 60No blame will be attached to elderly women who are not hoping for sex, if they take off their outer garments without flaunting their charms, but it is preferable for them not to do this: God is all hearing, all seeing.

Notes:

a This ma is not ‘water’, which would have the generic al- (cf. 21: 30), but is for each animal a special, essential fluid, and so each creature is different, as is clear from what follows.

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